The word rosary comes from Latin and means 'a garland of roses', the rose being one of the flowers used to symbolize the Virgin Mary.
The rosary is a devotion in honour of the Virgin Mary and consists of a set number of specific prayers.
First are the introductory prayers: The Apostles’ Creed (Credo), The Our Father (the Pater Noster or the Lord’s Prayer), Three Hail Mary’s (Ave’s) and One Glory Be (Gloria Patri).
Between the introductory prayers and the concluding prayer are the decades of the Rosary. Each decade is composed of one Our Father, Ten Hail Marys and a Glory Be, so each decade actually consists of twelve prayers and each decade is devoted to a mystery regarding the life of Jesus or his mother.
The Apostle's Creed
"I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day he arose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. From thence he shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting."
Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
Hail Mary, full of grace, The Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death.
"Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end."
Closing Prayer - Hail Holy Queen
"Hail holy Queen, Mother of mercy, Hail our life, our sweetness, and our hope!
To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve.
To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
Pray for us oh Holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ. "